A lot of my friends are talking about the "Big Bang Experiment" taking place in France/Switzerland. We have been hearing about this very large particle accelerator in which they are going to split the protons. I thought I will share with you guys what I know about this subject.
Sub Atomic Particles
As we all know elements in this universe are made up of atoms. Atoms consist of protons and neutrons forming a nucleus and electrons revolving around them like miniature solar systems. The protons and neutrons in a nucleus are bound by very strong nuclear forces and are virtually indivisible. If you indeed manage to divide the nucleus, you have a nuclear reaction releasing huge amount of energy (A nuclear explosion). Now can the protons be further divided? The answer is yes. If you further divide the protons, you get a sub atomic particle called quark.
According to the Big Bang theory, the universe started with a big bang of intergalactic particles (a very huge nuclear explosion). With in few seconds or minutes of this big bang, the universe existed in the form of a nebulous plasma consisting of the basic building blocks of atoms and elements which form the universe. This was called the quark glue-on plasma. After this initial few seconds or minutes, the particles of the universe began to crystallize into protons, neutrons, atoms and finally the elements which form the universe as we know of today.
The experiment that is happening in France is to find out the environment that existed with in the few seconds of the Big Bang. They are trying to collide two beams of protons at the speed of light so that the protons can be split and for a few milliseconds recreate the scenario just after the Big Bang and from that get a better understanding of the origin of universe.